What Is An Annuity – Fidelity Investments and How does it Work?

Are you struggling about surviving through your income? An annuity is a contract between a person and an insurance firm wherein you invest a huge amount or make a sequence of payment. Later, you can get frequent disbursements either instantly or some other point of time in the coming days. Whenever you invest in an annuity, you place the platform to acquire income in the future. It is subjected to the terms and conditions and or the restrictions of the insurance contract.

In fact, an annuity is a long-term contract that you buy from an insurance firm. It has been planned and designed with an intention to increase the assets for providing the income at the time of retirement. Just like in any field, we come across both the advantages and disadvantages. Most of the people consider annuity like a financial code. For a general consumer, an Annuity is considered a financial product which is actually available for all the people in order to save them for retirement. It is actually an advantage that each and every savings-aligned investor must have a look at it.

Similar to that, annuities do have some disadvantages. If the withdrawals are done in an early time then, they might apply the penalties and gains on investments are subject to the taxation just like the standard income. Otherwise, they may subject to a federal tax penalty of 10 percent. This will take place in case if the amount is withdrawn before the age of 59 and a half years. Here is everything you need to know about annuity work, the types of annuities and more. Have a look!

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What is Annuity?

An Annuity is a segment of the financial product and an insurance contract. The standard shape of an annuity comprises two segments. One is the annuitization and the other is the accumulation phase. At the time of accumulation, you need to invest the amount in a mutual fund or some financial product. Later, the contract will annuitize and commences to make constant payments depending on the nature of the product as well as the whole investment. In order to save for retirement, most of the investors utilize an annuity.

They usually make the investments in the time period of their job life and the shape of the annuity so as to pay them soon after turning into the age of 65 years. The definite kind of the annuity returns lets the investor access it just as a replacement for the paycheck if they select it. The major benefit of Annuity is that it has been designed specifically for securing a constant flow of cash for a person at the time of their retirement period. This way, one can easily overcome situations such as endurance risk and getting over the assets of an individual.

Usually, people can even generate the Annuities with an intention to change the firm amount into constant cash flow. Some of the situations wherein we can lump sum amount of cash is through winning a lottery or becoming the winner of huge cash prizes. For instance, the well-determined pensions and social security can become valid examples for lifetime assuring annuities. Through such modes, the retired people can ensure a steady cash flow until their demise. This post gives you a piece of complete knowledge about annuities, its working procedure, types of annuities and more.

How does an Annuity Work?

In fact, an annuity is a long term investment opened for all the citizens from the insurance company. The company has actually designed this concept with an intention to help people secure their retirement life from the risk of the income shortage. With the help of annuitization, all those payments you have purchased will be transformed into payments that can be paid on regular intervals that last long for the lifetime.

One can choose the annuities that are available across the nation so that they will be molded easily. This helps the people to select their type of investment. With such annuities, you can receive payments instantly or sometime later. There is feasibility to choose a fixed, indexed or variable rate of the income returns. There is a risk for people before investing in something. People might have a fear of losing their value.

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The company will give assurance to the people regarding their protection services. The insurance company will give a guarantee to the users regarding the payments. The annuity structure might differ from one company to the other company. The investors have the right to select the products that have annuitization for a fixed period. One can select receiving the payments in the mode of lump sum amounts.

What are the types of Annuities?

The major aim of the annuity is to deliver a constant flow of income at the time of retirement. There are two types of annuities that include income and deferred. Each type of annuity functions in a unique manner and renders exceptional benefits to the people. The amount that you receive will depend on your choice of collecting your returns. There are two different types of Annuities that include Variable and Income. Check it out below!

1. Fixed Annuities:

It is actually a traditional format of annuities which is sometimes referred to as Income Annuities. The company will give assurance in a fixed way to the investors only after making an exchange for their type of investment. Most of the investors utilize fixed annuities as a type of alternative for their retirement account. This type of annuity has the ability to predict the payment mode. Through this type of annuity, investors can get regular periodic payments.

2. Variable Annuities:

It is something similar to the structured mutual fund compared to the standard annuity. Besides giving an assurance regarding the set payment, the annuity returns depend on the way the investors make a sequence of investments. Through the Variable annuities, the investors will be able to receive cash in huge amounts in the future in case if the investments are done precisely. In some cases, the variable annuity has a risk of investment.

What are the Tax Advantages of Annuities?

There are numerous benefits of annuities. In general, annuities are available for all the investors in a couple of taxable forms. One is deferred and the other form is immediate. Get to know detailed information about each form.

Deferred Taxable Form:

Most of the annuities are referred to as the ‘Tax Deferred’. It indicates that the investors can get money through the annuity compound without the need for paying taxes. It lets the investors enhance their investment at a rapid pace compared to the other forms. In the case of variable annuities, it might levy an increased rate of return. If you select fixed annuities then, it is referred to as receiving contracted payment after the annuitization.

Later, whenever you receive payments from an annuity, you don’t require paying the taxes based on the amount that you have invested in the first place. Particular vehicles might vary but the tax benefitted annuity is aimed as a retirement asset. If you withdraw the funds too early then, they might charge a penalty of 10 percent IRS.


A deferred annuity doesn’t provide a facility of withdrawing the amount for years or decades. On the other hand, the immediate annuity helps the investors to commence receiving their payments within a few days of investing in it initially. Most of the investors prefer immediate annuity as it considers the cost recovery as an exemption. People who are nearing their retirement phase can invest in an immediate annuity so that they can recover their income as early as possible.

What are the Risks of Annuity?

If you have advantages of using annuity, there are limitations at the same time. Some of the risks of annuities are listed below:

  • In case, if you withdraw your money from an annuity prior to the original date then, it triggers ‘surrender payment’. It is actually considered a fee charged by the management company for withdrawing the amount at an early phase.
  • In fact, an annuity is referred to as a contract but not a deposit. Hence, it is not the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation [FDIC] insured. Most of the people maintain an annuity for a number of decades to get their invested amount back for their future survival.
  • It is a costly asset. Often, the company will levy charges and fees on the investor in order to purchase into the annuity.


That’s all! This is everything you need to understand about annuities, the risks that we come across due to an annuity, benefits of annuity and more. We have included the types of annuities, how does it work actually and more. We presume that this guide has given in-depth information about annuities for those who are about to retire. If you still have any doubts, don’t hesitate to ask us through the comments section below. Stay tuned to this website to understand more about the finance-related posts and articles. Bookmark this website for reliable information for the readers.

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Author: Naveen EThis is E.Naveen Kumar full time Content Writer, SEO, Digital marketing Expert, founder of financesrule.com. Really enjoying playing cricket at free times. Being a Btech Graduation from Computer Science stream Selected full-time blogging as my Profession.

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